The best ingredients to treat sun damage include those that resurface, lighten and repair the lines and wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, loss of elasticity and uneven skin texture seen in sun damaged skin. This includes retinol; Vitamin C; antioxidants; lighteners; peptides; acids; enzymes and broad-spectrum sunscreens.
Retinol is truly one of the best ingredients to treat sun damage. It is the most skin-friendly form of Vitamin A, and not to be confused with retinoic acids found in prescription Retin-A and Renova. Retinoids have a different chemical structure than retinol and go directly to the target with no buffer, which may cause irritation, redness, skin thinning, flaking, etc.
Retinol combats the numerous different ways sun damage occurs. As an antioxidant, retinol fights skin-damaging free radicals generated by the sun, plus enhances skin cellular performance. Retinol stimulates the cell turnover rate and dermal matrix repair that slows due to UV induced skin aging. Retinol encourages skin to act younger and healthier by promoting collagen, elastin and fibroblast production, reproduction, growth and keratinization. It essentially pushes dead cells out, allowing collagen and elastin to thrive, revealing smoother, brighter, more even skin.
It also protects Langerhans cells that help maintain the immunity of the skin and increases DNA synthesis, which is impaired by sun damage. Retinol also alters pigment transfer, reduces melanin (pigment) production and guides differentiation of pigments within cells (melanocytes) that cause hyperpigmentation.
Pevonia® uses an alcohol-derivative of retinol obtained through enzymatic conversion from natural Vitamin A (retinyl palmitate). The Micro-Retinol® line, (including the cleanser, toner, serum and moisturizer) uses the smallest, most stable form of retinol, the highest performance type specifically designed to dramatically repair and revitalize sun-damaged, mature skin.
Peptides penetrate to the deepest layers of the skin and are extremely beneficial for treating all signs of sun damage. Marine collagen polypeptides and caviar in Pevonia’s Intensifier – Collagen & Myoxy-Caviar® increase collagen production to smooth wrinkles, deeply hydrate and rejuvenate the skin. The Intensifier – Elastin & Sorghum firms with marine elastin polypeptides, while d.n.a polypeptides in the Intensifier – d.n.a. & Diacetyl Boldine diminish enlarged pores. Pevonia’s plant-based palmitoyl oligopeptides stimulate the dermal matrix to produce more proteins, which effectively smooth and rejuvenate sun-damaged skin. Palmitoyl tetrapeptide-3 and palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7 inhibit glycation-inducing interleukins that cause collagen breakdown and visible lines. All of these peptides can be found in the Timeless Eye Contour, Stem Cells Phyto-Elite® Intensive Cream and lumafirm® Repair Cream – Lift and Glow.
Oligopeptides from okra (hydrolyzed hibiscus esculentus) seed extract in Pevonia’s Myoxy-Caviar® Timeless Repair Serum, Timeless Repair Cream and Timeless Eye Contour have humectant effects on the skin and relax the muscles responsible for repetitive expressions, smoothing wrinkles, minus side effects. Double-blind clinical trials of hibiscus esculentus proved deep wrinkles diminished by 48 percent after three weeks of use, with greater results after eight weeks of continued use.
Vitamin C is one of the best ingredients to treat sun damage as it brightens and minimizes lines. It prevents free radicals from wreaking havoc on the skin, inhibits production of pigment (melanin), as well as stimulates collagen to plump up fine lines and wrinkles. Pevonia uses the most skin-friendly forms within special delivery systems to facilitate product penetration, absorption and results. This includes ascorbyl glucoside; calcium ascorbate; MAP C (magnesium ascorbyl phosphate); sodium ascorbate and THDA (tetrahexyl decyl ascorbate). Pevonia’s “C” Complexe with Oxyzomes is a great daytime solution to treat and prevent sun damage.
Lighteners treat uneven skin tone and dark spots that result from sun damage. Natural ingredients that inhibit production of pigment (melanin), plus have other benefits like fighting free radicals and inflammation are ideal. The best lightening ingredients include well-known Vitamin C, retinol, lactic acid and licorice extract, as well as portulaca, sea buckthorn fruit extract (hippophae rhamnoides) and undaria (pinnatifida). All six can be found in the best lightening product to date: Pevonia’s lumablanc® Cream. Did you know? Licorice extract (glycyrrhiza glabra) is an anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant skincare triple threat. Diacetyl boldine, an anti-oxidant, plus stress receptor inhibitor and oligopeptide-68 found in the lumafirm® Repair Cream – Lift and Glow are also great lighteners. Lastly, niacinamide in the Timeless Eye Contour and De-Aging Body Balm – Papaya-Pineapple affect melanocyte transfer, retarding melanin dispersion and distribution.
Antioxidants are the first line of defense against sun damage as they neutralize free radicals and repair sun damage. In addition to Vitamin A’s (retinol) and Vitamin C’s multiple benefits for treating sun damage, Vitamin E protects cell membranes from free radical damage, nourishes the skin and prevents water loss. Pevonia uses all three vitamins in the Hydrating Sunscreen SPF 30 to catch any UV radiation that gets past the sunscreen. Vitamin E is also used in the Rejuvenating Dry Skin Cream, Évolutive Eye Cream, Timeless Repair Cream, Stem Cells Phyto-Elite® Intensive Cream, Micro-Retinol® Essential Moisturizer and throughout many Pevonia products.
Exfoliants, also called skin resurfacers, are one of the best ways to treat sun damage as they eliminate dead skin and stimulate new cell growth. Popular exfoliants include scrubs, acids and enzymes—vital ingredients for correcting sun damage. Scrubs with natural, completely spherical beads, like the jojoba beads in the Gentle Exfoliating Cleanser buff away dead skin cells, smooth and brighten without redness.
Natural AHAs (alpha hydroxy acids) such as glycolic acid, lactic acid and malic acid dissolve the “glue” (intercellular cement) that holds the dead skin cells together to reveal newer, smoother, more even skin tone. Pevonia’s Renewing Glycocides® Cream treats sun damage with naturally-sourced glycolic acid from sugar cane (allowing better skin acceptance than synthetic versions). Lactic acid penetrates deeper than other AHAs as it mimics the lactic acid present in human skin. Plus, it lightens and increases the natural moisturizing factor of the skin, for brighter, hydrated the skin. Pevonia uses natural lactic acid from milk in the Dry Skin Lotion, Combination Skin Lotion and lumablanc® Cream. Natural malic acid from apples is found in the Eye Contour and Preserve Body Moisturizer, both provide gentle, yet effective exfoliation as well.
Pevonia’s Enzymo-Sphérides® Peeling Cream contains papain and Bromelain to dissolve dead skin cells, plus reduces inflammation and dislodges impurities to unclog pores and reduce the appearance of enlarged pores that occurs with sun damage.
Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen is a must to protect the skin’s DNA from subsequent sun damage. The Hydrating Sunscreen SPF 30 and YouthRenew™ Tinted Cream SPF 30 are ideal choices for their broad-spectrum coverage, which protects against UVA and UVB rays. Plus, both are free of synthetic chemicals and fragrances, which can irritate the skin and cause inflammation. For detailed information see The Best Ingredients and Products for Sun Protection.